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Luzhou Lee Family Residence

  • Date:2024-06-03
蘆洲李宅

Chinese Name: 蘆洲李宅

Address: No. 19, Ln. 243, Zhongzheng Rd., Luzhou Dist., New Taipei City

Year of Establishment: 1895

Official Website: https://www.luchoulee.org.tw/

 

Did You Know That…?

The century-old Luzhou Lee Family Residence is famous for holding the "one-year-old catch (抓周)" event and "saliva collection (收涎)" ceremony—ancient rituals celebrating infants at one year and four months of age.

 

 

Located in Luzhou District in New Taipei City, Luzhou Lee Family Residence, a traditional Chinese family compound, was established in 1895. The Lee Family immigrated from China’s Fujian Province to Taiwan’s Luzhou area around the 18th century and built their own home in 1857. Over three decades later, members of the third generation in the family hired a Chinese architect to design and expand their house into a compound.

 

The Lee Family’s estate occupies about 6,600 square meters. The compound covers approximately 880 square meters. In front of the residence is the outer courtyard. Trees were planted around the compound, which characterized one of the features of defensive architecture in Taiwan during the Qing dynasty. The entire compound can be viewed as three groups of Chinese quadrangles. The buildings are laid out in a siheyuan (四合院) or four-sided compound pattern. The main house consists of three sections from front to back and is flanked left and right by two rows of wings. This housing arrangement called hulong (護龍) symbolizes double dragons protecting the house inside and out. The walls and foundations are made from rough stones covered with rice paste and ground limestone. The whole residence has nine halls, sixty rooms, and 120 doorways. 

 

The buildings contain many Eastern architectural and historical elements. For instance, the houses have gently sloped gabled roofs known as horseback or saddle roofs. In addition, the stone walls, brick pillars, lofts, and a gate plaque bestowed by Guangxu (光緒) Emperor of the Qing dynasty are well-preserved in this old residence.

 

Following the Cultural Heritage Preservation Act promulgated in 1982, Lee Yen Hsiu-feng (李嚴秀峰), head of the Lee family at that time, delivered an initiative approved by all family members to petition the government to designate their ancestral residence as a cultural asset. The Taipei County (now New Taipei City) Government listed the Luzhou Lee Family Residence as a Grade 3 historic site in 1985, making it the first-ever group of private dwellings into historical buildings. With little damage, most of the houses maintained their original appearance, which was regarded as great architectural worth. 


In 2006, the Luzhou Lee Family Residence was officially opened and became known to the public as General Lee Yo-pang Memorial Hall (李友邦將軍紀念館) in remembrance of one of the members of the Lee family. In 2018, the ancient compound was elevated to a national historic monument.

 

Lee Yo-pang (1906-1952) strove for Taiwan’s independence from Japan during the period of Japanese rule. He went to China and joined the army to fight the war against Japan. After World War II ended, Lee returned to his homeland in 1945. He was arrested on charges of collusion with the Chinese Communist Party and was executed in 1952, becoming a victim of the White Terror. Lee’s name was cleared by the Control Yuan in 1995.

 

To highlight the cultural value and historical significance of the Lee Family Residence, exhibitions highlighting the family’s history, General Lee Yo-pang’s story, and the historic preservation of the residential houses have been held over the years. In collaboration with local schools and communities, the management team of the Residence strives to revitalize the historical building by holding a variety of cultural events for people to participate in, thereby making itself a role model for historic neighborhood revitalization.