The Taichung-based National Taiwan Museum of Fine Arts will hold an exhibition featuring the development of ink painting in Taiwan from the end of martial law to the present day from July 8 through Oct. 8.
Ink painting is an important form of art in Asia. It has been established as a separate system of art that utilizes brush, ink, paper, and silk to paint. Originating from China, ink painting was later introduced to Japan, Korea, and other neighboring regions.
Since Tang dynasty, ink painting was divided into Northern and Southern schools, in which one features colorful landscapes while the other adheres to a black-and-white scheme.
As 2017 marks the 30th anniversary of the lifting of martial law, the exhibition will bring together 24 artists from both senior and contemporary generations to present the historic impact of the incident on the development of art and culture in Taiwan.
A total of 90 works will be showcased to interpret the intertwined relations among Chinese ink painting, Taiwanese ink painting, and Japanese gouache painting through five themes - "Aesthetics of Brush and Ink,” "Abstract Expression of Ink and Wash,” "Ink. Environment. Society,” "Ink. Video. Installation,” and "Putting an End to the Debate over the Orthodoxy of National Painting.”
As the term "national painting (國畫)” once exclusively referred to "Chinese ink painting,” the exhibition will also walk visitors through the process in which "Chinese ink painting” was transformed to "ink painting” to reflect the rise of civil consciousness.
Taiwan's art world was deeply challenged by an authoritarian system under the martial law era (1949-1987). From the debate over "orthodox” Chinese paintings in the 1950s to the rise of modern painting groups in the 1960s and the argument over of native realism in literature and fine arts in the 1970s, artists and cultural practitioners in Taiwan have always fearlessly broken political taboos.
The exhibition hopes to help the public gain more insight on how martial law influenced the development of ink paintings in Taiwan.
‘Memories Interwoven and Overlapped - Post-Martial Law Era Ink Painting in Taiwan'